we can see how the policy draft on tobacco control (RPP Tembakau) are were made easier by scanning technology, pdf format and easy Internet access. Perlu sosialisasi darft RPP sebelum ditandatangani Presiden. menengah menyempurnakan draft RPP yang telah beberapa kali dibahas antar instansi terkait. At a plenary meeting on Thursday, the House decided to include the tobacco bill on the list of 70 items of draft legislation to be deliberated in The tobacco.
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strongly protested, and the regulation was revised (PP 38/), to permit advertising on Draft of Regulation on Tobacco Control for Health Purposes. Publik Terhadap Rencana Peraturan Pemerintah (RPP) Pengamanan Rokok Bagi. INDUSTRI ROKOK. THD UPAYA. PENGATURAN. KONSUMSI ROKOK Indtitutions to have the possibility to influence the content of the said draft Keikut sertaan IR dalam menyusun RPP tentang pengendalian konsumsi. Masyarakat Tembakau Indonesia-AMTI),. Smokers MOH to present the draft RPP to the Limited . WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax.
Special thanks is also delivered to Prof Teh-Wei Hu for his sincere and strong committment to build strong research group on tobacco economics and tobacco control in Indonesia. The smoking prevalence in female remains at low category, but its smoking prevalence increases from 1.
The impacts are not only on the direct costs due to nursing or treatment costs, but also on the indirect costs including opportunity lost cost due to the premature death.
The high smoking prevalence and the huge of Indonesian population position Indonesia the third biggest male smokers after China and India. The cigarette consumption in Indonesia during the year of according to Tobacco Altas 2, the number of male smokers in Indonesia was more than 53 million males.
In , it is estimated to be about 70 million people smoke regularly in Indonesia.
While the number of female smokers in Indonesia rank on the 17th biggest in the Introduction - Hasbullah Thabrany world reaching almost 4 million persons. Thereby Indonesian position is in the 5th rank following China, USA, Rusia, and Japan consuming more than 23o billion sticks of cigarettes in According to the Ministry of Finance in Indonesia the cigarette production was promoted to increase from The Richest Indonesians are Cigarette Tycons In the last five years, Forbes magazine annually announce the richests persons in the world and in each countries.
In Indonesia, among the top ten richest persons there have been always cigarette tycons. In many years, there were more than three top ten richests who were getting their wealth from selling cigarettes. In contrasts, those the 60 percent poorests Indonesia have been the significant contributors for the tycoons. Those poorests Indonesia spend more money for cigarettes than for health and education combined.
They have been trapped and addicted so that they have problems quiting from smoking. To create good image, the cigarette tycons now establishing foundations to support education, sport, and arts as well as performing many social activities such as planting million of threes to create image that they are the good guys.
Many Indonesians, and also officials, are proud of those activities without aware that in the end, it is the poor who contribute to them. When anti smoking activists conducted various events, discussions, promotions, seminars, etc.
Activists are labelled as the enemies of tobacco farmers and employees of tobacco industries. In fact is that the number of tobacco farmers so far are less than a million people, less than one percent of labor forces in Indonesia. Employments in cigarette industries absorb even lower number Introduction - Hasbullah Thabrany of labor forces, estimated of no more than half a million people, both in large and small industries.
The tycoons actually aware and prepare that one day, business of cigarette will be difficult. They are smart people and they have been in almost all develop countries. Therefore, they are preparing to diversify their cigarette assets to build mega malls, mega offices, or mega real estates. Some of them diversify investment directly, some tohers such as Sampoerna sold the company to Phillip Morris to reinvest in other businesses.
But, thy keep the Sampoerna name, creating link of the business to the previous cigarette name. In addition, the regulation requires to print written warning on the packs.
The regulation also limit the the tar and nicotin content. This was the strictest regulation issued by the President Habibie. Unfortunately, Habibie was in power only for one and half year after Suharto stepped down. In addition, the promotion on printed media and out doors remain open. The amendment came out after the Nahdatul Ulama Muktamar conference , the President Party, held in Kediri, the home of the largest cigarette company in Indonesia.
The media reported luxurious event sponsored by cigarette industries. After the amendement, the cigarette industries began to promote aggressively throughout TV programs in trying young generations to smoke.
Although the advertising can only start after In addition, many sport and Introduction - Hasbullah Thabrany music events are sponsored by cigarette industries.
Coverage of the event, often spot the cigarette billboards, backdrops, or posters that show cigarette names or logos. Although, the regulation provided with sanction, the law enforcements have been weak.
This regulation does not restrict the cigarette industries to influence young generations to smpke. In the Act, it is stated that tobacco is addictive and the government has to regulate the use of addictive substances. The acticle was brought to Constitutional Court claiming that tobacco is not addictive.
Last year, the Constitutional Court rule out the judicial review and confirming that tobacco is addictive.
Activists are strugleing to include graphic warning on cigarette packs while industries are opposing it. Until now more than three years after the Act was passed the revised regulation RPP has not been successfull signed by the President due to oppositions from various sectors within the government presumably and the cigarette industries.
A year later, Muhammdiyah, the second larget Muslim Organization also declared that smoking is haram. It is reported that the many members of Nahdatul Ulama have some business in cigarette industries, mostly small businesses and they used to smoke in the pesantren, the traditional Islamic school of in Java. So, it is all about money. The previous Minister Finance clearly said the priority of this cabinet is economic growth.
Health concern of cigarettes will be consider after So, the government is protecting the cigarette industries. Several studies and the pictures below may provide readers with a better understang on how the cigarette industries have a freedom to promote their names and products. Many of them establish foundation to provide fellowships to students, using their company names that have some influence to familiarize students with the name of cigarettes or the company making the cigarettes.
In early , some of them are approaching the Ministry of Education to support quality improvements in education using a foundation named the same with the cigarette companies.
Naively, people in the Ministry of Education and or in other Ministry percive that initiative as brilliants. On the other hand, all over the developed world smoking is prohibited everywhere, even in the park, not to mentioned in airplanes. Studies uncovered hundreds of billions of dollars lost due to smoking.
I also realize that I am working for the media industries in which in small various ways are supported by tobacco addsalthough as public health activist I do hope the government will support total ban for tobacco advertisement as applied in many other countries.
It is true that I am not a smoker, but, like it or not I am part of a society that already heavily addicted to nicotine.
It is highly unlikely that such heavy and widespread addiction could be swept away or stoped Small stall tobacco sales selling various brand of cigarette in Kebayoran baru, Jakarta, Wednesday 28 February Living among tobacco addict is a reality most of us —in some degree--shoud accept, however some control measure over tobacco consumption is needed for a better acceptable reality.
I have to confess that tobacco industry indeed feed so many people, altough I refuse to belief that economic dimention they often play as standing ground is working fairly.
Consumer, including the non smokers and the government is the one who should pay the expensive extra cost of tobacco smoking and nicotine hazardous impact. Moreover, the tobacco industries are likely to Tobacco indusbe manipulative by intentionally do not disclose all the tries work hard to facts about tobacco honestly and openly. Their spotlight build such a shinand claim only shows the fascinating numbers of 10 ing image trough million laborforces they absorb starting from tobacco advertisement, farmers, cigarette rollers, tobacco sales and creative sponsorship and media employers who works for tobacco advertisment.
It is a big lies, to activities. Unfortunately, this hyperbolic claim on labor forces absorbtion is often uncritically swallowed by the government and also the media. The tobacco industry often use this claim as their main weapon to obstruct any policy regulation regarding tobacco consumption. They streer public opinion to the extreem level; as if the regulation are enforced today, the tobacco industry suddenly dies in which the next morning millions of people losing their source of income.
Tobacco industry the state economic hero trough their contribution in tax and employment — without mentioning the extra expensive health cost and the lost in quality of life that the government and often marginal people has to pay. Based on Abdillah research on , tobacco labor workers average monthly income are a lot smaller compared to the income of many other labor working for other industries such as food industry in East Java and Central Java.
Tobacco industry labor recieved Rp The pyramid of tobacco industry is so steep, that only small number of people on the top of the pyramid are the one who enjoys a huge profit generated from this industry. Two hundred labor of Pakis Mas cigarette factory in Malang, East Java, should arrive ofn the factory gate at This is the first surface of the survival of the fittest among cigarette roller labor.
Pakis Mas factory give each roller aproximately 2. The roller recieve Rp 9. This sum is not even half of the regional average income which is Rp. How about tobacco farmers? The research were conducted in , taking place at various location where tobacco are grown in Central Java, East Java and East Lombok. Tobacco farm labor in Kendal, Central Java are paid Rp This sum is not even half the regional minimum income which is Rp In Bojonegoro, East Java, tobacco farm labor earn Rp The same happen for tobacco farm labor in East Lombok, they only gain Rp The farmers then earn Rp Maybe it will confuse some of the reader, why a farmer like me has to gone oversea and quit growing tobacco.
There are two reason for the lost: 1 the fuel price peaked high and 2 natural factors such as extrem weather , made tobacco can not grow optimally. The tobacco industry will only buy the tobacco leaf for high price if the water contain of leaf fullfil a certain degree of level. Grade A for the Indonesian Tobacco Production in ton in the year of — YEAR Total Production The tobacco leaf price spread widely, ranging from Rp Imagine how ghastly it is for the farmers, if only big and countinous rain pouring over their tobacco plant just before harvest time.
Tobacco farmers always been anxious every harvest time, they will never know much they will earn for every cost they have planted in their land.
Is the government affraid of the tobacco colectors? Tobacco farmers like Totok stand in the weakest position. They are chained in a vicious circle. It is a common practice that production cost for tobacco growing are coming from loan, or otherwise from selling family possesion.
For most farmers, the assurance that their harvest will be bought by collectors are a matter of life and death. That is why, they are easily mobilized for protest in front of the parliament building in Senayan, Jakarta, opposing the drafted regulation on control over tobacco product RUU Pengendalian Produk Tembakau.
Our domestic production aproximately To fill the gap, the tobacco industry take a short cut by importing tobacco instead of improving incentive for farmers to extent their local production. The money generated from tobacco consumer tax is incomparable to the huge hidden cost the public should pay in return for losing their health, productivity and even their life —Tulus Abadi,YLKI The claim that tobacco industry support our economy even more questionable, if we look at the health cost the government and society have to pay.
In , the state revenue from tobacco sin tax reaching Rp 62 trilion, but those are taxes paid by consumer, cigarette smokers not the industry. Worse, underneath the tangible cost of tobacco sin taxs there are priceless cost the society should pay. Tobacco related deseases kill thousand of Indonesian annually while some other are loosing their qualitry of life and productivity caused by tobacco smoking.
On top of that, 43 million children exposed to tobacco smoke in their own home, the place where they should recieve their right for protection and health. Yes, it is true that I am not all againts tobacco, however I do have a firm ground to oppose tobacco smoking and how the tobacco industries work.
I do think that proportional regulation and control over tobacco smoking are important. The government should evaluate the agressive marketing of cigarette as if tobacco is as harmless as chocolate, even for children. What happening in Indonesia nowadays are much alike what happened in the US during the s.
Tobacco smoking in public place are common scenary. We can hardly find any anti tobacco smoking movement which againts tobacco smoking in public place to protect public right for clean air. Hanauer and few of his friend who are deeply worried on how public right for clean air are taken away worked together to push policy change within Berkeley City Council.
After four years of hard works, finally the city council ban tobacco smoking in public spaces. The tobacco industry does have powerful loby. Kessler, aformer commisioner for Food and Drug Administration FDA , wrote about how close the relationship between tobacco industry and the government: Cigarette billboard in front of School of Harapan Ibu Foundation, H. Soon we realized that tobacco industries are untouchable for years. The hired the best law firm in the country to streer away politicians which has significant vote within the congress.
Whose car is it? Since, or Dji-Sam-Soe is one of the famous cigarette brand own by Sampoerna. According to Wisnu, after the close relationship between Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Boedi Sampoerna are often brought up within the discussion about Corruption case of Century Bank.
The never shows up arround the presidential palace. The close relationship between governtment officials and the tobacco industries also concealed in one of the internal document of the British American Tobacco.
The powerful loby and close realtionship between the tobacco industry and important actors within powers is an everflooding stories to tell. Therefore, people such as Hanauer take initiatives, being up front to push politicians to vote for policy that will protect the public more then the tobacco industry. Therefore, they have to be protected. If the adult choose to chain themselves into nicotine addiction, that is their own problem.
The center of attention should be to prevent younger generation, children and teenagers from smoking. They should not be bombarded by aggressive advertisement and marketing which will let them to hold a missed belief that smoking is cool.
Since in reality, so as what Philip Morris Indonesia has done—are poles away from preventing children from smoking. Just like alcohols industries, the tobacco industries should keep them self in low profile.
They should realize that they are selling an addictive poison, not a harmless product; therefore everyone consuming it will have to pay extra taxes, sin tax. In relation to control consumption of such addictive substance the government should apply a lot higher tax for tobacco product compare to harmless other product such as detergent or chocolate candies. It is easy for us to observe how aggressive the tobacco marketing are; TV, Radio, Giant Billboard in every corner, poster, movies, music and sporting event sponsorship are packed with messages on how cool smoking is.
Targeting the youngster also is a strategic approach to ensure market sustainability. Adult smokers usually already found their favorite brand and stick with it, or otherwise these senior smokers are already quitting, ill or died caused by tobacco related diseases.